Located on the southeast coast of Wales, the Welsh capital Cardiff combines the country’s natural beauty with an area of fast-paced modern growth. Nowadays the city is best recognised as a growing cultural centre. A waterfront area at Cardiff Bay contains the Senedd building, home to the Welsh Assembly and the Wales Millennium Centre arts complex.
Ongoing developments include the continuation of the redevelopment of city centre areas with projects such as the Cardiff International Sports Village, a BBC drama village, and a new business district.
The city is steeped in ancient lore, dating back to a pre-Roman Invasion settlement. The Romans expanded on this, transforming the Briton settlement into a strategic fort. Cardiff Castle was established in 1081 by William I, using the old Roman keep as groundwork, and has remained the heart of the city ever since.